SPARC SAMUDAYA NIRMAN SAHAYAK
Read how households upgrade with SSNS loans 
   
 
Community Toilet Blocks
 
Projects in a nutshell
 
 
 
MSDP (Mumbai Sewage Disposal Project) 2001-2005, 2006-2010
 
BSDP was launched in 1995 by the World Bank and the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) to expand the cityís sewage treatment plant and improve its sanitation infrastructure. In 1998, three NGOs were invited to undertake pilot projects to demonstrate how sanitation could be improved in the slums. SPARC constructed a community toilet block based on the designs it had implemented in Pune. The toilet had pour-flush latrines in equal numbers for men and women, specially designed childrenís latrines, and a community hall and a caretakerís room on the upper floors. The pilot project was a success and in 2001 the Slum Sanitation Project (SSP) was launched using this model. Under the SSP, more projects under MSDP have been taken up by the MCGM. SSNS was awarded a contract for 320 toilet blocks or 6400 seats in 16 administrative wards in the Mumbai but only 213 toilet blocks were constructed as there were political issues and other setbacks that the Alliance had to deal with. The success of MSDP 1 enabled SSNS to leverage municipal government funding to help improve city's sanitation infrastructure in the second phase under MDSP lot 8 and lot 9.
     
     
 
 
   
 
       
SSP, PUNE, 1999 MSDP, MUMBAI NMMR, MUMBAI, 2007  
       
       
 
Policy + Impact
 
In 1998, through advocacy efforts of the Alliance to provide sanitation facilities to urban slum dwellers, the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (with World Bank funding at the time) called upon NGOs to demonstrate pilot slum sanitation projects. Since, then the alliance has constructed several toilet blocks across Mumbai using the funds provided by the authorities and has had several impacts on sanitation policy.
 
01 Policy: The Indian Alliance along with the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) played a significant role in developing the open defecation free policy, which became a national policy in 2009-10.

02 Procurement: The alliance set norms for allowing NGOs/urban poor to take part in the implementation of sanitation projects under various government schemes.

03 Maintenance/Operation: The alliance advocacy to form Community Based Organizations (CBOs) to give them the responsibility of the operation and maintenance of the toilet block was included as part of policy in 2006 under MCGM toilet projects.

04 Design: In 1995, the alliance set new norms for toilet design, including pour-flush latrines in equal numbers for men and women, specially designed childrenís squats, a community hall and caretakerís room on the upper floor of toilet blocks.